With the continued growth of technologies including 5G, IoT, AI and cloud computing the supply chain demand for the server industry is experiencing exponential growth. Servers are the backbone of all digital communications and can be split into two main types, hardware based and software based. A hardware based server is also known as a host and is a device connected to a network where software based servers run alongside the operating system within a computer to provide services used by other programs, also known as clients and this client server model is the basis of all network communications. Server set ups are ‘always on’ to enable data to flow between clients and servers through requests and responses.
Importance of Thermal Management for Servers and Data Centres:
To give an idea of the size of the industry, the world’s largest data centre is China Telecom’s Hohhot Data Centre with a footprint of over 10 million square feet, the Citadel Campus in Nevada is the largest Data Centre outside of China measuring at 7.2 million square feet and the CWL1 Data Centre in Newport Wales is the largest in Europe at almost 1.5 million square feet. These Data Centres are responsible for processing and storing large volumes of data every second, however many SMEs will have their own server rooms for local network management and access without using cloud services and regardless of size, the thermal management of servers is crucial to ensure reliability and performance.
The approaches to thermal management can vary depending on the type of server and the specific requirements of the data centre or server room, with a key focus being placed on energy efficiency. In addition to the use of Thermal Interface Materials and products such as Heat Sinks, Vapour Chambers and Phase Change Materials for dissipating heat away from the heat source of device and it’s components, other techniques such as liquid and air cooling are also used. This approach ensures the risks of downtime and reduced life span caused from overheating are minimal.
Common types of Server:
Server set up can vary from rack-mounted, blade or tower servers and specialised server examples include GPU Servers and High-Performance Computing (HPC) Servers, below is a list of common types of server and their applications.
Cloud servers are virtual servers hosted in cloud computing environments, providing scalable computing resources for various applications and services.
Web servers are responsible for serving content to users over the internet. They respond to HTTP requests from clients and deliver web pages, images, and other resources.
Database servers manage and provide access to databases. They handle data storage, retrieval, and processing for various applications and websites. Examples include Microsoft SQL Server, MySQL, and Oracle.
Application servers run software applications and provide services for these applications. They handle tasks like authentication, data processing, and communication between various components of an application.
Mail servers handle email communication by storing, sending, and receiving email messages through Mail Transfer Agents (MTAs) and Mail Delivery Agents (MDAs). Popular mail servers include Microsoft Exchange, Postfix, and Sendmail.
DNS (Domain Name System) servers resolve domain names into IP addresses, allowing users to access websites and services using human-readable domain names.
File servers store and manage files and data, making them accessible to authorised users on a network. They are used for information sharing, data storage, and backup purposes.
Why choose T-Global Technology?
The choice of thermal management approach and Thermal Interface Materials (TIMs) used depends on the specific server type, its intended use, and infrastructure. Proper ventilation, cooling systems, and TIM selection are critical to maintaining optimal server temperatures, which, in turn, enhances server performance, longevity, and energy efficiency while reducing the risk of overheating-related failures and outages. T-Global Technology provides a range of Thermal Management Products to help dissipate heat effectively and maintain optimal operating temperatures for various server set ups, ensuring the reliability and performance of these devices and their associated infrastructure. Use the buttons below to view our full product range, contact us to request a sample or go back to the industry applications overview.